Hemel Hempstead new town was officially created on 4th February 1947, despite objection from locals worried about a massive building program on their town. Architect and garden designer Geoffrey Jellicoe was charged with designing the new town, and his idea was “ a city in a park”. Jellicoe planned the new town centre around the water gardens, created by the River Gade, with a collection of municipal buildings designed by Clifford Culpin. A number of new neighbourhoods were created, including Adeyfield in the east designed by H. Kellet Ablett and Bennetts End in the southeast by Judith Ledeboer. Architecturally, Hemel Hempstead is rather tame, with the municipal centre by Culpin the most interesting part of the town.